- 接触方言学による「言語変容類型論」の構築 (略称 : 接触方言)
- 朝日 祥之 (国立国語研究所 時空間変異研究系 准教授)
- 平成22年9月20日 (月・祝) 10:00～12:00
- 国立国語研究所 1階 大会議室
Phonological Change of Tôhoku Dialect Spoken in Hawai'iHIRAMOTO Mie
Studies of second dialect acquisition (SDA) have suggested that older speakers tend to retain the phonological features of their original dialects during dialect contact situations (Chambers 1992; Kerswill 1994; Siegel 2003). Little has been reported in the literature on dialect contact situations involving Japanese language speakers, however the data from Hawai'i concerning adult Japanese plantation immigrants is comparable to the findings of Chambers (1992; 1995) and Trudgill (1986), and suggests that the adult Tôhoku dialect (TD) speakers from northern Honshû island examined for this study demonstrated similar limitations in acquiring second dialect phonology in their contact with non-TD speakers.
Roughly 200,000 Japanese migrant sugar plantation workers arrived in Hawai'i between 1885 and 1924, with the Chûgoku dialect (CD) speakers from Western Honshû island being both the largest group and the earliest arrivals. Most of the TD speakers arrived later and were a small minority compared to the CD speakers. Existing studies on Japanese immigration in Hawai'i note that CD influenced the local language at the lexical level; however, little has been mentioned on phonological features of Japanese spoken in Hawai'i. Based on the recordings of elderly first generation TD speakers, this study reports their language change with a focus on the phonological features. (203 words)