The NP- and modification-use of verbal-based argument nominalizations in Bengali and Nepali
ISHIKAWA Sakura (Tokyo University of Foreign Studies)
YOSHIDA Shigeki (The University of Tokyo)
We examine the NP- and modification-use of verbal-based argument nominalizations in Bengali and Nepali. We show that some nominalizations in these languages lack a particular usage pattern by focusing on the grammatical role that the denotation of nominalizations stands for. The irregularity is observed in nominalizations which have been called "verbal nouns" or "verbal adjectives" in Bengali and "nonpast participles" in Nepali. Direct object nominalizations in both languages can only be used in the modification-use and lack the NP-use, while subject nominalizations can be used in both uses.
Gender Marking in Kannada and Other Dravidian Languages: A Nominalization Perspective
Niranjan Uppoor (Department of Linguistics and Tribal languages, Tripura University (A Central University) India)
This talk explores the development and distribution of gender marking patterns in Kannada and other Dravidian languages in line with the hierarchy, i.e., Num> Dem> Gen> Adj> V-based nominalizations, proposed by Shibatani in his recent 2019 and 2021 works as well as the recently concluded August 2022 talk series held in India. While Dravidian languages, in general, exhibit gender marking in instances of NP uses, not all of them present the spread of gender marking from NP-uses to modification-uses. However, there are attested data from Dravidian languages—Kannada included—as to the spread of gender marking from head-uses to modification-uses. Diachronically, Kannada has evolved from no gender marking to gender marking in the modification-uses of numerals. Besides, there are sparse attestations of gender marking in modification-uses of numerals across the subgroups of the Dravidian languages. Whether these attestations of gender marking in the modification-uses indicate language internal development or instances of retentions is an issue to be explored in future works. The present talk is divided into two parts: The first part provides a brief introduction to the Dravidian languages with special reference to Kannada and the second part presents attested data from various Dravidian languages on gender marking patterns from a nominalization perspective.